The method of management of property rights to Assets has been successfully implemented in the Bitbon System, which includes a network of hardware-software complexes containing the Blockchain, data on nominal value, Bitbon System User identifiers, data on transaction history, exact time module, transaction processing module, publication module:
Blockchain (contains data on the Accounts of Bitbon System Users, as well as the Projectbon Public Contract, evaluation of nominal value of property rights to Assets).
Ledger object identifier generator (a separate device with the ability to interact with the exact time module using cryptographic algorithms for data processing).
Exact time module (provides synchronization with the network-wide time of the hardware-software complexes network, which differs from the global time due to the speed corrections of the signal propagation across the network segments between the hardware-software complexes).
Transaction processing module (processes a request to form a record on the transfer or redistribution of property rights to Assets in the Blockchain).
Validation module (allows verifying the correctness of the evaluation results of property rights to Assets, the Projectbon Public Contract, nominal value, Bitbon System User identifiers).
User terminal (a hardware-software complex used to create the Projectbon Public Contract, as well as an instruction to transfer property rights to Assets).
Publication module (a pool of hardware-software complexes combined with each other in the network for the purpose of publishing records in the Blockchain).
Let us consider concrete examples of the practical use of the Bitbon System described in patent PCT/UA2017/000050 “The Method of Management of Property Rights to Assets and the System for Its Implementation”.
- Example 1Bitbon Evaluation and Issuing as Property Rights to Assets
- Example 2Evaluation, Accounting and Control of Assets Using Bitbon
- Example 3Transfer of Property Rights to Assets Using Bitbon
- Example 4Bitbon Exchange for Goods
- Example 5Fundraising for Project Implementation
- Example 6Contributing
- Example 7Receiving Income by the Contributor
To evaluate, keep records and control Assets, the Bitbon System User should issue Bitbons (see Example 1).
The Projectbon Public Contract specifies that Bitbon is created solely for evaluation, accounting and control, so its transfer will not lead to the transfer of property rights to Assets.
In accordance with the evaluation procedure, User’s Assets are presented as a hierarchy or a set of departments, each of which is evaluated by one or more indicators. An Account is created for each department-indicator pair. Based on the evaluation results, when creating Bitbons for each Account, the Bitbon owner using the terminal generates a request to transfer Bitbon nominal value in proportion to the evaluation of Assets to this Account.
Next, the generated request is sent to the transaction processing module, which processes the request on the validation module. If the validation fails, a message of Bitbon transfer error is sent to the User. If the request is validated, the transaction processing module receives an identifier of Bitbon record from the ledger object identifier generator. The transaction processing module receives the correct date and time of recording from the exact time module. The generated request is transmitted to the publication module, which publishes a record containing nominal value of adjustable Bitbons and the evaluation results in the Blockchain.
After a certain period of time according to the evaluation procedure indicated in the Projectbon Public Contract, the User evaluates the current state of Assets. As a result of this evaluation, the difference between the evaluation of this department according to this indicator and the current Bitbon nominal value is determined in the corresponding Account. Then, the User (Bitbon owner) generates a request to adjust Bitbon nominal value in this Account by transferring a part of Bitbons from/to this Account.
At any time, the Bitbon System Users can receive the whole sequence of changes of Bitbon nominal value in the Accounts, which are recorded over any period of Bitbon existence with the help of specialized software or with the help of Open Source software using public standard interfaces from the Blockchain.
Materials of the article Bitbon System As a Separate Independent Asset largely explain the interaction principle of the Bitbon System components.
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The inventions are patented through the international patent system РСТ (Patent Cooperation Treaty), which helps applicants to patent their inventions in many countries by means of the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). Thus, by filing an international patent application under the PCT, an applicant can provide protection to his/her invention in 152 РСТ Contracting States.
In order to make the information maximum convenient, where it was possible, we placed links directly to the resources of the organizations of the countries in which the patent had been obtained. When patenting inventions under the PCT, in most cases, the information can be found on the World Intellectual Property Organization website.